Phytochemical Analysis of Garcinia rubra


by: Josie B. Rojo, Hidelisa P. Hernandez


Garcinia rubra Merr. (‘kamandiis’) belongs to the Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) family and is one of the indigenous Garcinia species in the Philippines that has not been extensively studied yet. In this study, the phytochemical constituents in the crude leaf extracts of kamandiis was determined. Results showed that kamandiis contains carbohydrates, glycosides, tannins, phenolics, flavonoids, terpenoids and steroids. Carbohydrates and glycosides were found in ethanolic extract while tannins, phenolics and flavonoids were found in both ethanolic and ethyl acetate extracts. On the other hand, terpenoids and steroids were observed in dichloromethane (DCM) and hexane extracts. Results therefore suggest that kamandiis could be a source of these phytochemicals and may be further studied for its promising application in the pharmaceutical industry and alternative medicine.

Keywords: Garcinia rubra Merr.; kamandiis; Guttiferae; secondary metabolites; phytochemicals